History of Topeka In 1854 on a cold wintry day, 9 settlers made the journey from Lawrence to a small cabin nestled on the banks of the Kansas River. That night, December 5th, these men founded Topeka,KS - soon to be the capital of the 34th state.
Railroad Roots Cyrus K. Holliday, the first mayor, is considered to be the founder of Topeka. Mr Holliday also drafted the charter, for what is now the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad, for the Atchison, Topeka, Santa Fe Railway. Topeka quickly became a railroad town with the addition of Union Pacific in 1866 and Rock Island Railroad in 1887.
Joining the Union Topeka was chosen to be the state capital of Kansas upon being admitted as the 34th state of the union on January 29th, 1861. Cyrus Holliday donated the land where the state capital building sits today. The capital building took over 40 years to build and was completed in 1903.
Civil Rights Hotspot Topeka was put on the map of civil rights movement in 1951 when Oliver Brown filed a class action lawsuit against the Topeka Board of Education. The result was a supreme court case known as Brown vs Board of Education. In 1954 the Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation within public schools was unconstitutional.
Topeka Today Topeka boasts a population of around 130K people today. The town sits just west of Kansas City along I-70 about 65 miles. In 2010, Topeka was named as on of the Top 10 cities for the Next Decade by Kiplinger's Personal Finance Magazine.
Topeka's seasons hit all the check boxes with Winter temps averaging around 30 degrees and the summer heat getting reaching the high 90's. While most notably known for it's tornadoes, the mild spring and fall weather provide a great opportunity for outdoor activities. Once the heat in the summer does arrive, there are multiple lakes within a short drive to spend the day cooling off. Lake Shawnee is a small lake that many Topeka residents enjoy during the summer either boating, fishing, paddle boating, or camping. Other recreational activities with Topeka are golfing, disc golf, biking, and plenty of festivals throughout the year.
The low cost and midwest personality of the town attracts many families. Four public school districts within the city limits provide an array of education options for residents of Topeka. Washburn University, placed in the middle of Topeka, as well as the University of Kansas, and Kansas State University easily accessible for students living in Topeka.
Several historical neighborhood districts have been brought back to life by the residents. Most notable is the Potwin Place neighborhood located just west of downtown Topeka. Large Victorian homes, brick streets, and circular intersections make this the most unique neighborhood in Topeka. Charles Potwin purchased 70 acres in 1869 and subdivided the lots with a restriction that homes built would at least cost $2000. This created Topeka's first exclusive neighborhood and was actually considered it's own city (with it's own Trolley) until annexed by the City of Topeka in 1899.
Other neighborhoods worth visiting are College Hill, Holiiday Park, and Westboro.
TopCity Lawn Care Topeka lawn and landscaping service